I began this project with the intention of making it a narrative of our McLeod history with some of the tree overlapped by related family branches. Accordingly, I have tried not to inundate the reader with too many facts and figures although some are unavoidable. I have also chosen not to formalize this project by quoting sources since the source list would likely be longer than the narrative! The information contained in this small work has been obtained from censuses, tax rolls, genealogy publications, newspaper extracts, published family histories, personal letters, cemetery records, obituaries, birth, marriage and death records, land documents, church records, all manner of public archive records, and railroad and military histories. I have obtained enough factual, as well as some strong circumstantial evidence, to have confidence in the content of the story I tell. I have tried to impart the human side of our history but a little imagination from the reader will help to visualize the lives of these ancestors at their times in history.

I wish to acknowledge my friend, Lee Gormley, whose late husband was descended from our Fowler ancestors and who has been a huge source of information for me not only about the Fowlers but also about the McLeods. To receive photographs, documents and letters relating to our McLeods from an e-mail correspondent in California has been a huge gift. Thanks for being a packrat, Lee!

I also wish to acknowledge Bill Fowler in Washington State who has been a source of much Fowler information and who makes me "prove" my sources every step of the way. Thanks for keeping me on the straight and narrow, Bill.

And to all of our family members who have provided me with wonderful photographs and documents, oral histories, the graciousness to check out my website from time to time and much encouragement, thank you, from the bottom of my heart.

Diane McLeod
Kamloops, BC
June, 2006


Donald McLeod arrived at Saint John, New Brunswick from Scotland sometime in the early 1800s, probably between 1802 and 1804. The New Brunswick legislature had begun to encourage immigration by paying the passage of new settlers and he probably came with one of the first groups of Scottish immigrants to New Brunswick. It is uncertain whether Donald was a single man at the time of his voyage or whether he was already married to Margaret Morrison, a native of Ross Shire, Scotland but census records show that their three children, Jane, Lydia and Hector were all born in New Brunswick in 1802, 1807 and 1808 respectively. Anecdotal evidence from a related family, however, suggests that their eldest daughter, Jane, was born on board ship during the voyage and since census records are sometimes incorrect, I have, for the purposes of this tale, assumed that Donald and Margaret were married in Scotland and came to New Brunswick in about 1802.

Donald and Margaret would probably have landed at the port of Saint John, NB, and may well have lived for a few years in or near Saint John pending Donald's petition for and receipt of land.

On 26 May, 1807, Donald applied for a land grant from the government of New Brunswick and two years later, on 11 December, 1809, was granted 400 acres of land which was located on the south bank of the Kennebecasis River in Sussex Parish, Kings County, NB.

Reading the land grant documents today brings a smile… in our "number-crunching", computerized world, a survey of property with markers such as "the beaver dam on the south bank of the river" and "the marked Maple tree standing on the northeasterly corner" is enough to chill the blood! What happened when the beaver dam was flooded out or the Maple tree fell over? Needless to say, there were many boundary disputes, some of which were resolved in the Courts and some of which were the cause of decades of animosity between neighbours.

Because there had already been a generation of Loyalists in the province with pre-Loyalist and Acadian settlers before them, some roads had been laid out and small settlements established but the river systems in NB were still the preferred mode of transportation and it is probable that Donald and Margaret made their way to Kings County by boat.

The first order of business for someone granted land was to "improve" it. This meant literally hacking a home out of the wilderness. Felling trees, building a log home and clearing a garden was the first priority for a grantee. Imagine the efforts of brand-new Scottish immigrants in building a log house! For Donald and Margaret, who came from Northern Scotland, the New Brunswick winters may not have been entirely foreign (except for the amount of snow!) but it is unlikely that they were prepared for the hardships they surely encountered.

No further information is known about Donald except that he passed away sometime between 1808 when his youngest child was born and 1816. I have found no newspaper nor government record of Donald's death nor a burial site.

Although Donald died intestate, the 400 acres of land granted to him passed to Margaret and their children.

A deed dated July 24, 1829, shows that Donald and Margaret's daughter, Lydia, and her husband, William Jones, sold a portion of the property to James Buchanan for 20 pounds. James Buchanan was the husband of Donald and Margaret's eldest child, Jane. The portion inherited by Lydia would have automatically gone into her husband's name but even in 1829, Lydia had to consent to the sale of the property because of her dower rights as an heir to the land. Another deed dated October 20, 1830, indicates that Donald's son, Hector, also sold his "right and title" to a portion of the land to the same James Buchanan for 40 pounds. Presumably, the remainder of the property remained in the possession of Margaret and would have gone into the name of her second husband, Duncan Campbell.

On 26 November, 1816, Margaret (Morrison) McLeod married Duncan Campbell, Sr. and brought her three young children into Duncan's home.


Duncan Campbell, Sr. had been married in Scotland, to Katherine McMartin, and he and Katherine came to New Brunswick with their family in 1804 on the ship "Rosina". They eventually settled on land in Sussex Parish which subsequently came to be known as "Campbell Settlement". Katherine (McMartin) Campbell died in Campbell Settlement in October, 1814.

The Campbells figure prominently in our story because the remarriage of Duncan Campbell, Sr. to Margaret (Morrison) McLeod, created another branch of our family tree in the births of their children, Duncan Morrison, Margaret and Christianna (Christy Ann) who were the half-siblings of the McLeod children. Oddly, Duncan Sr.'s Last Will and Testament also refers to a daughter named Eliza although I have been unable to find any other source for a child by this name.

Duncan Campbell, Sr. and Margaret (Morrison) (McLeod) Campbell's eldest child was a son, Duncan Morrison Campbell. Although not formally educated, he was a man of some importance in Kings County, NB, and at his death from "inflamation of the lungs", the following article was published in the Sussex Weekly Record on 15 December, 1893:

"Duncan Morrison Campbell, was born July 24th 1819, at Campbell Settlement. Here were passed his youth and early manhood in all the hard work, plain living and scanty educational advantages incident to a new and sparsely populated locality.

His first public appointment was that of Justice of the Peace, which he received just about forty years ago. At the time of his death, he was, with the exceptions of Robert McCully of Dutch Valley, and John C. Price of Havelock, the senior Justice of the county. Elias S. Freeze of

Penobsquis, who died about six weeks ago was appointed at the same time.

Magistrates were then by no means as plentiful as now, but their duties were much more numerous before the Municipality Act came in force in 1877. The Sessions, which met in March and October of each year, had not only charge of the public business of the county now performed by the Municipal Council, but also jurisdiction in assault and other cases now tried by a single justice under the Summary Conviction Act, and also in other matters now heard in the County Court. Most of the legal business of the country was then transacted by lawyers of St. John and the older justices of the peace well remember the days when men like the late Judge Wetmore, Samuel R. Thomson and his partner Mr. Bayard regularly attended the Sessions at Kingston to conduct the criminal cases.

Mr. Campbell at once took a prominent position among the justices of the county. His methodical business habits, clear head, judicial temper and undoubted probity soon won for him the admiration of his brethren, the respect of the public, and the confidence of all. That he did not as a trial justice attain so large a practice as some others was probably due to his close relationship to the majority of those who resided around him. He quickly, however, became widely and favorably known as a reliable conveyancer, being excelled by few, if any, of the justices in the county in drawing deeds and wills, etc. In this occupation his good sense and lucid arrangement, together with his neat and clear handwriting enabled him to transact a large amount of business in a manner excelled by few who have enjoyed a professional training.

During the construction of the European, and North American Railway, Mr. Campbell resided in Sussex and acted for about three years as confidential clerk to Thomas King; contractor on a section extending eight miles westward from Sussex station.

About the year of 1868 he was elected by Sheriff Freeze as a juryman with Col. E. B. Beer and others to assess damages for land taken in the Parish

of Westfield for "Western Extension" of the European and North American Railway. Here he attracted the notice of Lewis Carvell, Esq, then an influential official of the railway, who, remarking that it was a great pity that the abilities such as Mr. Campbell's should not find opportunity for development, soon after procured him a situation on the Fredericton Branch. He remained at Fredericton for several years; first as clerk to Messrs. Temple and Pickard in railway construction and afterwards as a contractor and builder on his own account. In the latter capacity his chief work was as one of the builders of the Normal School building in which he unfortunately, however, lost a considerable amount of money. From Fredericton he removed to Moncton, and for about three years assisted Mr. Crosby in the construction of the Railway Offices at that place.

About 1875 he returned to his farm at Campbell Settlement and spent the remainder of his life chiefly as a surveyor of land and of lumber. Though not possessing the advantage of a professional education or of an appointment as Deputy Surveyor of Crown Lands, it is probable that it is

as a land surveyor that Mr. Campbell has been best known and will be longest remembered. Gifted with a natural aptitude for figures, with sound judgment, and withal the most pains-taking accuracy, there were few indeed that knew him who would not sooner trust his self-taught calculations than the most elaborate deductions of the scientific engineer; and not only did his neighbors for miles around always "get Squire Campbell to run the lines," but he was constantly sought in such public matters and the establishment of Parish lines and to give expert testimony in contested land cases.

Mr. Campbell was an adherent of the Presbyterian church. In politics he was a consistent Liberal; and though he did not affect public speaking, he was nevertheless always regarded as one of the most influential men in his locality. In addition to various public offices which he held at different times, he was elected Municipal Councillor for the Parish of Sussex for the year 1890, and at his decease had been for two years Assessor of Rates for Sussex.

Mr. Campbell was married early in life to Prudence B., sister of the late J. Belding Sproul, of Apohaqui. She was three years his senior, but died only a little over a week before him (Nov. 29, 1893). They had been married 56 years, and it was in attending her funeral that he contracted the cold which occasioned his death. He expired from inflammation of the lungs about one o'clock in the morning of Friday, the 8th of December, 1893 after an illness of only eight days. He had the following family:

Mary Jane, who married Adam Murray of English Settlement, but died several years ago leaving no children; Annie, Wife of Thomas Gillies, of St. Martins; Duncan, who died about ten years, leaving two children. He was a travelling auditor on the I.C.R., and resided in Moncton. Margaret, wife of Adam Marchbanks of Hammond; Andrew, who died in October last, leaving a widow and twelve children. He was an engineer on the C.P.R., and residing at Fairville, St. John; Susannah, wife of Robert Donald, contractor, of Sunny Brae, Moncton, and Isaac, baggage master on the C.P.R. who resides on the homestead at Campbell Settlement."

Duncan Morrison Campbell and his wife, Prudence, are buried in the Southfield Cemetery in Sussex Parish, NB. Their gravestone reads:

1819 - 1893
Prudence B.
His Wife
1816 - 1893

Duncan and Margaret (Morrison) (McLeod) Campbell's second child, Margaret, was born ca. 1822. She married Patrick King but little else is known of her. She was still alive at the time of her father's death in 1846 as she is listed as an heir in his Will.

Their third child, Christy Ann, was born ca. 1824. She married Andrew King on 2 July, 1846, and died on 4 October, 1847.

Duncan's Will, dated 22 August, 1846, reads as follows:

To son Duncan all estate & property subject to debts & bequests. Son John the Gore of land containing 100 acres granted to me on which he now lives. Dau. Margaret £20 not payable until 2 years after my death & 1 bureau. Dau. Christy Ann £20, 2 cows, 1 bureau, 1 hardwood table, the bed & bedding she now uses & the bed & bedding on which I now sleep. Dau. Eliza 1 cow. £20 mentioned to Christy Ann not payable until 4 yrs after my death. The furniture to Margaret & Christy Ann & the cow to Eliza to be given immediately after my death. Son Duncan executor. Witnesses: James Stuart, William Kirkpatrick & James Forbes.

Margaret (Morrison) (McLeod) died on 20 March, 1840 and Duncan Campbell, Sr. died on 14 October, 1846. Their gravestone reflects that Margaret was 68 years old, however, this is probably incorrect. If her youngest daughter, Christy Anne, was born in 1824, based on the age on her gravestone, Margaret would have been 52 at the time and this seems improbable. Based on the birth dates of her children with Donald McLeod, I suspect that Margaret was likely a decade younger than her gravestone indicates. Duncan and Margaret were buried in the Trinity Anglican Church Cemetery in Sussex, New Brunswick where their gravestone, which still stands, reads:

In memory of Duncan Campbell
A native of
died 14th Oct. 1846
Aged 84 Years.
Also Margaret
His Wife died
20th March 1840
Aged 68 Years.


Jane McLeod, the eldest child of Donald and Margaret (Morrison) McLeod was born about 1802. She married James Buchanan (born about 1799 in Argyle, Breadalbane, Scotland) in 1827. I've received a letter from a descendant of this couple citing that Jane was born on board ship in the Atlantic crossing but I have no other information to confirm this.

Jane and James had four children; Donald (1829 - 1856), Duncan (1831 - 1914), James (1835 - 1907) and Margaret (1836 - 1843). Jane (McLeod) Buchanan died on 27 February, 1842, at the age of 40 years and is buried with her daughter, Margaret, in the Bayview Cemetery at Hatfield Point,

Springfield Parish, Kings County, NB. Her gravestone reads:

In memory of
wife of
James Buchanan
27th Feb. 1842,
aged 40 years.
Also their Daughter,
30th June, 1843,
aged 7 years

Jane's husband, James, remarried in 1848, to Ida Morrell, had four more children and died in Sussex at the ripe old age of 101!

Lydia A. McLeod, the second child of Donald and Margaret (Morrison) McLeod was born about 1807. She married William A. Jones in 1825 and they had four children - Martha (1830 -1917), Dimmis (1835 - ????), Lydia Alice (1838 - 1911) and William Henry (1839 - 1932). Of interest is the fact that Martha, Lydia Alice and William Henry all married their own relatives within the Jones family (no name changes for these girls!). Also interesting is the fact that Martha married her husband, William A. Jones, a week after her mother, Lydia's, death and within another week, her husband was applying to be granted "administrator" status of Lydia's estate as follows:

"The petitioner, William A. Jones, states that Lydia died 3 May, 1855 in the parish of Moncton, without a will…

She left one son; namely William and three daughters, namely Martha, wife of your petitioner, Demous, and Lydia Alice, all which children excepting Martha are under age."

I have always thought that the haste with which Martha and William married and then applied for administrator status of Lydia's estate was unseemly but perhaps Martha and her new husband were just looking out for her siblings' interests? Since both Lydia and her husband, William, were deceased, it is likely that Martha and her new husband were responsible for the care and housing of her underage sisters and brother.

I have been unable to locate the gravesite of Lydia A. (McLeod) Jones who died in Moncton Parish on 3 May, 1855.


Donald and Margaret (Morrison) McLeod's youngest child was their only son, Hector, born about 1808 in NB.

Hector married Sarah Ross in 1831 in Sussex, NB.

Sarah's parents were John Ross, Sr. and Asenath (Culver) Ross. John and Asenath came with the Loyalists to New Brunswick in the Fall Fleet of 1783 after the American Revolution. New Brunswick land petitions confirm that John was a native of Ross Shire, Scotland and a Corporal with His Majesty's 42nd Highland Regiment (the Black Watch) but I have been unable to confirm when he came from Scotland to America. Her mother, Asenath, was the daughter of Loyalists, Jonas and Bathsheba (Unknown) Culver. The Culvers came to NB in 1783 with their only son and his wife and their four daughters and their husbands.

Sarah's grandparents, Jonas and Bathsheba Culver, were married in the U.S. (likely New Jersey, possibly Connecticut) in about 1760. Their children were Jonas, Jr., Asenath, who was married to John Ross, Sr., Bathsheba, Esther and Sarah.

Both Jonas Sr. and Jonas Jr. Culver served with the 1st New Jersey Volunteers during the Revolution and both were granted land in Parr Town (Saint John), NB, and Sussex Parish, Kings County, NB. Two of Sarah's uncles, John Turner and John Whiteknact, are on the muster roll of a company in the 1st Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers in 1780 and it is interesting that a note next to John Turner's name says "Returned from desertion". It is difficult to say whether he "was" returned or "had" returned! Desertion wasn't necessarily as criminal as it sounds because often the soldiers left their militia units to go home and tend to their farms or businesses and then returned to their units when their personal matters were attended to.

Another of Sarah's uncles, Thomas Brannen, is said to have served in the 1st Battalion of DeLancey's Brigades.

Uniform of the 1st New Jersey Volunteers

The history of the Culver family in America is an interesting one. Jonas Sr.'s ancestor, Edward Culver, came from England in July, 1635, on the brig Abigail. The family appears to have prospered in Connecticut. They became acquainted with the families of John Rogers and John Bolles and, together with other families, formed a religious sect referred to as the "Rogerenes". The sect was similar in many ways to the Quakers, however, they did not believe in a Sabbath Day nor the practice of audible prayer (unless the "speaking of tongues" came upon them!) nor did they believe in doctors. In the early 1730s, after many years of clashes with established religions, Jonas Sr.'s grandfather and father and their extended families moved to New Jersey where they first settled in Morris County and later moved to Hunterdon County where Jonas Sr.'s father died, at a young age, in 1733. Jonas Sr. is referred to in his father's Will as "expected child".

Jonas Sr. had an older brother named Jabez whom, although claiming Loyalist sentiment, did not leave America immediately at the end of the Revolution in 1783. He was a Presbyterian preacher in New Jersey, ordained in about 1761. He was appointed the pastor of the meeting house at Wantage, Sussex County, New Jersey and served there for thirty years. In his autobiography, Jabez wrote:

"I was ordained according to the Cambridge Presbyterian order, which was a congregational platform. The ordination was performed by ministers and elders by the desire of the church. In that order by the grace of God I still continue."

His choice of the Presbyterian faith, a Scottish calling, was certainly unusual for a man of English descent and most certainly a departure from the Rogerene doctrine of his father and grandfather.

Jabez apparently had large land holdings in New Jersey and New York and there is some suspicion that, although he had Loyalist leanings, it was expedient that he endeavour to maintain his property

by not being overtly "Loyalist". He did, however, sign a petition in January, 1776, to "Erect the Royal Standard in the County of Sussex", New Jersey, and for this, he claims that he "suffered imprisonment & loss of considerable property during the late rebellion on account of his loyalty".

Following the American Revolution, he was employed by the Connecticut Missionary Society to travel throughout the eastern United States and establish churches. He established the Presbyterian Church at Wysox, Pennsylvania in 1791 and stayed with the congregation until they could find and support a regular pastor. He moved onto other territories and did the same in each place.

Jabez went to Niagara, Upper Canada (Ontario) in 1793 and received encouragement directly from Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe to move there. On 11 June, 1794, Jabez filed a petition to the Executive Council of Upper Canada mentioning his imprisonment and loss of property in the Revolution, his conversations with Simcoe, and his desire to move to Upper Canada. He had six sons, three with him and the others expected soon. Two of the sons with him were John and Aaron Culver who petitioned and received grants of 400 acres each on 21 June, 1794. Jabez requested 1000 acres in his own right and more for his sons. Jabez was allowed his grant and 200 acres more for each of the three sons with him.

Jabez settled in Windham Township, Ontario and served as the Presbyterian Minister for the Long Point Settlement, conducting services in his home. The first frame-construction Old Windham Methodist Church was built on his property in 1820. The present brick church, built in 1868, still stands on this property.

On 25 June, 1798, Jabez Culver filed a petition noting his support of the British cause during the Revolution and requested his name be placed on the United Empire Loyalist List. The Executive Council decided that the proof was not sufficient but the Council was perfectly satisfied that he had been firmly attached to His Majesty and the constitution of Great Britain, "and the quantity of land given to him in a larger proportion than has been extended to others of his condition is proof of their sentiments in his favour".

The descendants of Jabez and Anna (Unknown) Culver prospered and thrived in Canada. A rare curiousity is that four of Jabez's sons married four of the daughters of Jabez's cousin, Timothy, creating a huge and entangled family. This particular intermarrying of families is famously known in genealogical circles as "The Double Culver Quartet".

Jabez died on 31 December, 1818, and is buried in the Old Windham Cemetery, Windham Township, Ontario.

Little else is known of Sarah (Ross) McLeod's grandfather, Jonas Culver, Sr. We do know that he bought and sold numerous properties in Sussex Parish and, although dying intestate, left many acres of land to his heirs. According to probate records, he died in about 1818 in Kings County, NB. His burial site is unknown.

Sarah's father, John Ross, Sr. and her mother, Asenath, farmed for many years in Kings County and raised 13 children. John died in 1829 but Asenath lived until 1856 as confirmed in the New Brunswick Courier of 31 May, 1856:

"d. (St. John) city, 29th inst, Mrs. Aseneth ROSS, age 86 years 2 mos. She came to this Province with the Loyalists in 1783."

No further information has been obtained regarding Sarah (Ross) McLeod. How and where she died is unknown, as is her burial site. She died between 1847 when her youngest child was born and 1849 when Hector remarried. It is known that she and Hector had eight children - Sarah Jane, Margaret Morrison, Lydia Ann, Charlotte, Mary E., Phyllis, Catherine and John Irvine.

In 1841, Hector McLeod applied for a grant of land of 100 acres under the Labour Act of New Brunswick. His land was at Campbell Settlement where he had been raised by Duncan Campbell, Sr. and Hector farmed the land for many years. Legal documents show, however, that Hector owed an unspecified debt to a farmer named Henry Hallett and, for the sum of $83.00, Hector quit-claimed the lands to Mr. Hallett. At the time of Hector's death, he and his wife were living on the land and for the sum of $100.00, Hector's son, John Irvine, re-purchased the land from Mr. Hallett. An affidavit of John's dated 1877 states that his father and mother (actually his stepmother, Margaret) had been living on the land in a log cabin and after his father died, he built a frame house 22 x 18 feet for Margaret to reside in. As a result of Hector's death and the legal proceedings surrounding John Irvine's re-purchase of the land, it came to light that although Hector had applied for, lived on and worked the land for many years, the land had never actually been legally granted to him. Accordingly, in January, 1873, just days after his father's death, John applied for the formal Grant of Land to be put into his name. We think our bureaucracy is inefficient… five years later, in 1878, the land was finally granted to John. I have been unable to determine how long Margaret lived on the land or when and to whom John ultimately sold the land.

Hector and Sarah (Ross) McLeod's eldest child, Sarah Jane, was born about 1828 and was baptized in the Trinity Anglican Church in Sussex, NB, on 14 June, 1833. Although family correspondence survives that implies that Sarah Jane grew to adulthood and married, I have been unable to learn anything further about her.

Margaret Morrison was born about 1831 and was also baptized in the Trinity Anglican Church in Sussex, NB, on 14 June, 1833. In 1851 she married John McKenzie and in the next 30 years, had 11 children.

Margaret and John McKenzie's eldest child was a daughter, Lydia Ann, who was born in 1851. In 1868, she married Alexander McLeod Odell. I have yet to uncover the McLeod relationship which would give her husband his middle name. In the ensuing 27 years, Lydia Ann (McKenzie) Odell, besting her mother, would give birth to 13 children!

Their next child was a son, James Hector, who was born in about 1855. In 1878, he married Deanna McAllister, whose uncle, John Patrick McAllister, was a brother-in-law of James Hector's mother. Oh, what a tangled web we weave…

Margaret Morrison (McLeod) and John McKenzie's other children were William D., Dithia Emeline, Casper Victor, Fred, Margaret, Frances Lina, Eugenia Lou, Mary and Georgie Etta. Sadly, Casper Victor and his sister, Frances Lina, died within 7 days of each other, at 11 and 3 years old respectively, both of diptheria.

Margaret Morrison (McLeod) McKenzie died between 1881 and 1891. The location of her grave is unknown. Her husband, John, lived until 1920 and died in Sussex, Kings County, NB, at the age of 101.

Hector and Sarah (Ross) McLeod's daughter, Lydia Ann, was born in March, 1835, and she was baptised on 16 June, 1836. Lydia appears to have left home as early as 16 years of age as she appears in the 1851 census for Portland Parish, Saint John County, NB, as a "servant" living in the home of a Griffith family.

In 1859, Lydia Ann married William Benjamin Daye and had eight children. The name "McLeod" seems to have been important to Lydia and her family - her eldest son was named William McLeod Daye and he named two of his children Edith McLeod Daye and William Reginald McLeod Daye.

Lydia Ann (McLeod) and William Daye's children were William McLeod, Ida Estelle, Harry Allan, Annie Matilda, Percy Murray, Frederick L., Bert Allan and Helen B.

In 1892, Lydia's son, William McLeod Daye, married Edith May Ruddock who, for many years, was the "infants' matron" at the Saint John Protestant Orphans' Asylum. A book entitled "A Century of Caring - The Story of the New Brunswick Protestant Orphans' Home" contains a photograph and refers to her as the "Superintendant, Babies Division" during the 1930s.

William McLeod Daye was, in his early adulthood, a "raftsman" (in the logging industry), a "traveller" (travelling salesman) with a drug company and a coffin salesman! He died in 1942 of cerebral thrombosis.

Lydia Ann (McLeod) Daye's eldest daughter was Ida Estelle Daye who was born in 1865. In February, 1889, she married Howard Douglas Wallace. On 12 November, 1889, Ida Estelle gave birth to a daughter and 12 days later, her husband died in an industrial accident at the marble quarry in which he worked. Such tragedies one finds in this research! Ida Estelle never remarried and, in her parents' later years, they moved in with her, bringing with them her sister, Annie Matilda.

Lydia Ann's third child, Harry Allan, was born in 1867 and died at the age of 15 years.

Her fourth child, Annie Matilda, never married and lived with her parents and subsequently her sister, Ida Estelle, until she died in 1950 in a nursing home in Hampton, New Brunswick. Was Annie Matilda handicapped in some way as was her Aunt Phyllis (whom we will meet further along in this narrative) or was she simply an "old maid" who remained with her family for most of her life?

Lydia Ann's fifth child, Percy Murray Daye, was born in 1869. He married Laura Mae Wetmore in 1903 and was a dry goods merchant in Saint John and later in Moncton where he died in 1949 of cardiac failure.

Lydia Ann's sixth child, Frederick L. Daye was born in 1873. His father's obituary refers to him as "Prof. Fred L. Daye of Bellows Falls, Vermont", however I have no idea what he was a professor of nor any other information to date.

Her seventh child, Bert Allan Daye, was born in 1878 and was a druggist until his life ended at the young age of 22 years.

Lydia Ann and William Daye's eighth and last child was Helen B. Daye who was born in 1882 and died short of her first birthday in 1883.

Lydia Ann (McLeod) Daye and her husband, William Benjamin Daye, died within months of each other in 1913, he in January and Lydia in September, of a brain tumour. Lydia and William Daye and almost all of their children, their children's spouses and some of their grandchildren are buried in a family plot in Fernhill Cemetery, Saint John, New Brunswick.

The "discovery" of another of Hector and Sarah's daughters, Charlotte, is a recent one. For about six years of my genealogy research, I had been intrigued by the fact that, in the 1851 census for Sussex Parish, Kings County, NB, a 13-year-old named Charlott (sic) McLeod (born about 1837/38) was living as a "lodger" in the home of Hector McLeod's step-brother, John Campbell. Living not too far away was Hector and his second wife, Margaret, and most of Hector's children by his first wife, Sarah. Given that Hector was the only McLeod living nearby as well as related to the Campbell clan, I always wondered if Charlotte was a daughter of Hector and Sarah. Why then, would she not be living at home with her father and step-mother and other siblings? Did she not get along with her step-mother? Is this also why her sister, Lydia, left home at an early age and became a servant to another family? This question always nagged at me until I received an e-mail from a man in Massachusetts who is a descendant of a New Brunswick family named McAllister. He forwarded me a letter written in the 1970s by a granddaughter of Charlotte (McLeod) McAllister. This letter is a lengthy reminiscence about the McAllister family and in it, the writer cites the family of her grandmother. Although some of the names and dates are incorrect, they are "generational" errors and there is enough correct information to preclude coincidence and I have determined that Charlotte was, in fact, a daughter of Hector and Sarah McLeod. I have been unable to find any birth or baptismal confirmation regarding Charlotte, however, between myself and my McAllister contact in Massachusetts, we hope to find such evidence at some point.

The McAllister letter that I refer to contains an interesting reference to Charlotte's father, Hector:

…"She said her mother told her once that her grandfather McLeod had had a beaver hat full of gold pieces he had acquired in some way from a pirate ship! As a child she had wished for some of that gold to make life easier for her mother."

Where Hector would have obtained a beaver hat (they were expensive and worn by "gentlemen"), let alone gold pieces from a pirate ship is left to the imagination!

We know that, in 1856, Charlotte McLeod married John Patrick McAllister. Interestingly, John Patrick and Charlotte were both great-grandchildren of Jonas Culver, Sr. and John Patrick's niece, Deanna McAllister, was the wife of Hector McLeod's grandson, James Hector McKenzie. Permission is granted to the reader to be thoroughly confused!

John Patrick was 37 years old when he married Charlotte who was 18 or 19. McAllister family lore holds that Charlotte was disowned by her McLeod family… there is some speculation that it was because she married an Irishman or that the age difference was disapproved of. Either way, I have never found a reference in McLeod family history or correspondence to Charlotte so perhaps the "disownment" is true.

Between 1856 and 1879, Charlotte and John Patrick had ten children (two of whom were named Sarah and Hector…). All of their children lived to be married and have their own families, however, only two sons, Levi Henry and James Hector, remained in New Brunswick. The others all eventually moved to Maine and Massachusetts.

Charlotte (McLeod) McAllister died on 5 November, 1893, in Elgin Parish, Albert County, New Brunswick and is buried at the Church Hill Cemetery in Albert County. Her gravestone reads:

Charlotte McAllister,
died Nov. 5, 1893,
age 56,
w/o John McAllister.

John Patrick McAllister outlived Charlotte by 8 years, dying on 20 September, 1905, in Elgin Parish, Albert County. The location of his gravesite is unknown.

Hector and Sarah (Ross) McLeod's fifth daughter was Mary E. born about 1837/38. I have been unable to find any further information about Mary although she was still alive and single in 1878 when she was a witness at the marriage of her half-sister, Annie, to G. Lester McCully.

Hector and Sarah's sixth daughter was Phyllis. Phyllis' sister, Margaret Morrison (McLeod) McKenzie, appears to have inherited responsibility for Phyllis, whom, according to one census record was "def and dumb". Phyllis was born in about 1841 and may have remained with her father, Hector, and his second wife, Margaret, until her father's death in 1873, but this is speculation. It is known that in 1881, Phyllis was living with her sister, Margaret Morrison (McLeod) McKenzie and her husband and family and that, after her sister's death sometime after 1881, Phyllis remained with her brother-in-law, John McKenzie, until his death in 1920. It appears that after John's death, Phyllis lived with younger family members and died in the home of a grand-niece in 1933. Her obituary does not list her brother, John Irvine, as surviving her, however, her grand-niece may not have even known that John was still alive in Massachusetts.


The death of Miss Phyllis McLeod, daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Hector McLeod, Southfield, Kings County, occurred on Monday at the home of her great niece, Mrs. James Turnbull, Queen Street, with whom she had made her home for the last nine years.

Miss McLeod, whose exact age was not known, although those who knew best

think she was well past the century mark was born in Southfield. She later resided in Norton but for the last 49 years has lived in Sussex. She had not left her room for the last five years, and for the last two years had been bedfast. Four nieces, Mrs. J.P. Feeney, Sussex; Miss Georgie McKenzie, New York; Mrs. A. O'Dell, Saint John, and Mrs. F.W. Weyman, Philadelphia, and one nephew, William McKenzie, Springfield, Mass., remain to mourn.

The body rested at the Wallace Funeral Parlors where service was held Tuesday afternoon at 2.30 o'clock. Rev. Canon C. Mansel Shewen officiated. Burial was made at Norton.

Was the life of Phyllis an unhappy one? Her handicap apparently precluded marriage and bound her to her family (and vice versa!) for all of her life. In later years, there was a school for the deaf in Saint John but it does not appear that Phyllis was availed of this. When I read her obituary, my heart goes out to the grand-niece, Grace (Feeney) Turnbull, whom Phyllis was living with. Grace was married in 1920, the same year as Phyllis' brother-in-law/caretaker, John McKenzie, died. Grace apparently "inherited" responsibility for her Grand-Aunt Phyllis and while starting her own marriage and family, Grace was responsible for an old lady whom "had not left her room for the last five years, and for the last two years had been bedfast." In those days, family was the only recourse in these circumstances but it cannot have been a happy situation for anyone.

The seventh child of Hector and Sarah (Ross) McLeod was a daughter named Catherine, born about 1843. I know of this child's existence from the 1851 census of Sussex Parish, Kings County, NB, but have absolutely no other information about her.

The eighth and last child of Hector and Sarah was their only son, John Irvine. All "official" government documents that I have seen show his middle name as "Irvine", however, one document in my possession shows his signature as "Irvin" and on other documents his signature appears to reflect "Irvine". To confuse matters further, his death certificate reflects his middle name as "Irving"!


After Sarah (Ross) McLeod's death, Hector married Margaret McKenzie. Margaret was born on 19 March, 1819, in Nova Scotia but how and where she and Hector met is unknown. I have always wondered if she was related to Hector's son-in-law, John McKenzie.

Hector and Margaret's children were Frances Melissa, William, Annie J., George Campbell and Caroline D.

Frances Melissa was born on 16 October, 1849 and she married James Andrew Miller in 1871. At some point they moved to Fredericton where Melissa died in 1940 of a cerebral hemmorhage. She is buried at the Fredericton Rural Cemetery.

William was born in 1851 but I have been unable to locate any further information about this child.

Annie J. was born on 26 April, 1854. She married Gilbert Lester McCully in 1878. Lester came from a large family in Penobsquis, New Brunswick, but he and Annie appear to have been childless. Her husband predeceased her in 1908 and Annie died in Portage Vale, near Penobsquis, in 1928.

Hector and Margaret's fourth child was George Campbell McLeod, born 14 February, 1858. In 1884, he married Catherine Colburn of Collingwood, Nova Scotia, and they had three children, Margaret, Hector and Collin. Catherine died sometime after 1889 and in 1894, George married his niece (by marriage!), Almira Hyndman. George and Almira had 7 children, however, there is evidence to suggest that, at some point, the couple separated. Almira died in 1938.

For most of George's working life, he was employed as a "lumberman", however, in his later years, he was the caretaker of a hunting and fishing lodge. At some point, he moved back to New Brunswick, to Cape Tormentine, and that is where he died on 3 June, 1948. He is buried at the Collingwood-Wyvern Cemetery in Collingwood, Nova Scotia.

Hector and Margaret's last child, Caroline, was born in 1859, but I have no further information about this child.

Hector McLeod died on January 10, 1873 in a tragic accident. The following article was published in the Saint John Daily Telegraph on January 14, 1873:

"We regret to learn that Hector McLeod of Campbell Settlement (Kings Co.) was killed Friday last at a "chopping frolic" by a falling tree. The tree, it appears, was cut by a boy and fell in a direction quite unexpected. Two escaped unhurt, but Mr. McLeod was struck in the back of the neck and almost instantly killed. The deceased was about 50 years old and leaves a wife and family."

Actually, Hector would have been 65 years old, however, ages were deemed relatively unimportant in those times and gross inaccuracies were common.

I have been unable to determine where Hector died or where he may be buried. Since it was common for farmers to supplement their incomes by logging in the winter months, he could have been anywhere in the province at the time of his death. I subscribe to the belief, though, that he was not logging far afield because he died on a Friday and the notice of his death was published the following Tuesday. Since news did not travel fast in those times, news of his death obviously came quickly. Although I have scoured every available resource, I have been unable to find any reference to Hector's burial place. Depending on where he was logging and for whom, he could simply have been buried in the forest where he fell although this is unlikely. Times were hard in rural New Brunswick in 1873 and it is possible that his family simply could not afford to have his body sent home for burial and that he is buried in another cemetery elsewhere in the province. A third and most likely possibility is that his gravestone, if erected at all, has simply disappeared and we will likely never know the location of his grave.

It is not known how long Hector's second wife, Margaret, lived on the land repurchased for her by John Irvine after his father's death, however, at some point she moved to Penobsquis, New Brunswick, probably to be close to her daughter, Annie J. (McLeod) McCully.

Margaret passed away on May 4, 1902, from "cancer of the face". According to her obituary, Margaret was a devout Baptist and, among other expressions of religiosity, her obituary states:

"…On Sunday afternoon as the sun was sinking behind the western hills, this child of God laid her weary head on the bosom of Christ and fell in sleep. Her last words were expressions of praise to her Saviour and her God."

The obituary also states that Margaret "leaves behind her three daughters and many friends…". There is some evidence to believe that her son, William, lived to be an elderly man and we know that her son, George Campbell, was alive at this time so it is a mystery why no reference to either son is made. It also seems curious that her step-children were not referenced in her obituary because at least three of them were still alive. Maybe there was good reason for Charlotte and Lydia Ann leaving home as teenagers when their father married Margaret!

Margaret is buried in the plot next to her daughter and son-in-law, Annie J. and Gilbert Lester McCully, in the Pioneer Cemetery at Penobsquis, NB, and her gravestone reads:

Wife of
May 1902
Age 83

Hector and Sarah (Ross) McLeod's last child and only son, John Irvine, was born on 15 July, 1847.

It is unknown whether Sarah died during John's birth or shortly thereafter, however, his father, Hector, remarried to Margaret McKenzie in 1849 when John was just past two years old.

John Irvine would have been raised as a farmer's son, however, by the 1850s, there were schools scattered throughout the province and he apparently received enough education to learn to read and write although his grammar left something to be desired… I have copies of letters written by John Irvine which reflect "… I would like to have it if it aint too much trouble…" and "I am going away in October and would like to sell before I went." Ah, the merits of rural schools in those days!

According to an application made to the government in 1913, John Irvine was enrolled in the Kings County Militia and in April, 1866, at 19 years of age, was "ordered out on active service" by Governor's Proclamation because of the threat from the Fenian invaders from the U.S.A. "Fenians" was the name of the old Irish National Militia or Irish Republican Brotherhood which, after the Civil War in the U.S.A., was bolstered by Civil War mercenaries. Their intention was to invade and capture Canada and force Britain to negotiate the independence of Ireland. In April, 1866, a large group of Fenians massed at Eastport, Maine, with the intention of invading Campobello Island, New Brunswick. The speedy activation of the New Brunswick militia, of which John Irvine was a part, apparently discouraged their plans. His militia unit was marched from Campbell Settlement to Norton and they took the train to Hampton where they were subsequently advised that they were not needed. Thus the short military career of John Irvine McLeod! A descendant of one of John Irvine's sons in Saskatoon apparently still has the medal which he was awarded for his service.

On June 16, 1875, John Irvine married Abigail Julia Fowler. Abigail had been married previously to William P.T. Stone in April, 1870 and had a daughter, Della, born in December, 1870. William died at the age of 26 years in 1872.

Abigail was from the Belleisle area (Springfield Parish) of Kings County, NB, and came from a proud and distinguished American family whose originator had come from England to Westchester County, New York, in 1633.

Abigail's great-grandparents, Daniel and Johanna (Woolsey) Fowler came to NB in the Loyalist immigration of 1783 and settled in Westfield Parish, Kings County. Of their 11 children, the eldest four were likely born in New York and the remainder in New Brunswick.

As was often the case, families were divided in their loyalties during the American Revolution. Daniel's family was a staunch defender of the English Crown, but his wife, Johanna Woolsey, came from a long line of "Patriots". Her father, Captain John R. Woolsey, fought on the side of the Patriots and in his Will, Capt. Woolsey reduced his daughter, Johanna's, share of his estate. He equally divided his "moveable estate" between most all of his children but he stipulated that one-third of his daughter, Johanna Fowler's, inheritance be given to her daughter, Johanna, who had married another Patriot, Eburn Haight, and who remained in New York all of her life. Did this signify Capt. Woolsey's disapproval that his daughter married a Loyalist and left the country? Capt. Woolsey also disinherited one son, Richard, who was a Methodist circuit preacher. Since Capt. Woolsey and his family were Presbyterian, could Richard's preaching of the Methodist gospel have caused the disinheritance?

Abigail's great-grandfather, Daniel Fowler, was admitted as a "Freeman" (citizen) of the City of Saint John in 1785 when the city was incorporated (the first city in North America to be so) and records indicate that he was one of three cabinet makers although he received a land grant in 1785 and became a farmer. He and Johanna (Woolsey) Fowler had 11 children, one of whom was John, born in 1783. Whether John was born in the United States or in Parr Town (Saint John) immediately after his parents went to NB, I have been unable to determine. John married Clarissa Flewelling in 1805, the daughter of another Loyalist couple, Abel and Abigail (Fowler) Flewelling. Yes, her mother was descended from "our" Fowlers and contributes to one of the many intertwining branches of a very convoluted family tree! To illustrate: Clarissa Flewelling is not only Abigail Julia (Fowler) McLeod's grandmother but is also her half-2nd cousin two times removed as well as her 3rd cousin two times removed… twice! Enough said?

John and Clarissa (Flewelling) Fowler had 7 children, one of whom was also named John, born in 1821. In 1843, this John Fowler married Sarah Fairweather who was also descended from Loyalists and they had 6 children, one of whom was Abigail Julia who married our John Irvine McLeod.

Abigail's father, John Fowler, was born on 18 May, 1821, in Saint John, NB. Her mother, Sarah Fairweather, was two years older than her husband, having been born on 15 July, 1819. They were married on 14 October, 1843, in Springfield Parish, NB.


John and Sarah (Fairweather) Fowler
about 1854

On one of my trips to New Brunswick, I was able to locate the gravesite of Abigail's mother, Sarah. She died in 1887 and is buried at the Newtown Baptist Cemetery in Newtown, Studholme Parish, NB. The gravestone was obviously erected after the death of her husband, John, because the stone reads:

In Memory of
Oct. 31, 1895
Aged 75 Yr's.
His Wife
Feb. 6, 1887,
Aged 66 Yr's.

On the basis of the gravestone, I had always assumed that John was buried in the same location until I began a correspondence with a Fowler descendant who claimed that, after the death of Sarah, John remarried a "Widow Churchill". No family correspondence or photographs ever hinted at a remarriage of Abigail's father so I did not imbue this information with much veracity. To my surprise, however, my Fowler contact forwarded me John's obituary which reads as follows:

FOWLER. - At Waterville, C. Co., on the ____t (sic) ult., after a protracted illness, John Fowler, in the 75th year of his age. Brother Fowler spent the most of his life in Kings County. About 35 years ago he made a public profession of his faith in Christ, and was baptized by the late Rev. S. Hart and united with the F.C. Baptist church at __dland (sic), and remained a member during life. Some six years ago, he came to Carleton Co., and soon after was united in marriage to the widow of the late James Churchill, and about one year ago he settled in Waterville.

By his genial manner and Christian living he secured the sympathy of the people with whom he mingled. He leaves a sorrowing widow and six children, besides many relatives and friends to mourn their loss. The funeral was largely attended, and his remains buried in Victoria Corner burying ground, the services being conducted by the writer, in harmony with his request.

The information and time frames in this obituary persuaded me that this might, indeed, be "our" John Fowler so I obtained a copy of the marriage certificate of John Fowler and Ruth Churchill and the information in the certificate stating who John's parents were shows, beyond a shadow of a doubt, that Abigail's father, John, did, indeed, remarry late in life.

Strangely, although his obituary states that he was buried in Victoria Corner, Charlotte County, NB, there is no gravestone to reflect this and the fact that he is memorialized on the stone where his first wife, Sarah, is buried, makes me wonder if there was resentment by their children, Abigail included, at his second marriage late in life. It would not be the first time that adult children resented the remarriage of a parent after a lifetime with their mother or father… did Abigail and her siblings pressure their father's second wife, Ruth, into burying him with their mother or did Ruth simply not have a headstone erected at Victoria Corner burying grounds for her husband of five years? I will likely never know the answer to the riddle of where John Fowler is buried (an exhumation has crossed my mind but that would be carrying this "hobby" too far!).

Abigail Julia Fowler was born on 11 July, 1848, one of six children. She had two older brothers, Samuel Flewelling and Caleb Harry, two younger brothers, Abram L. and Leslie E. and a younger sister, Annie Elizabeth.

Abigail's eldest brother, Samuel Flewelling Fowler, born in 1844, became a Baptist preacher of some note. A "pen portrait" of Samuel, published in the Louisville, Kentucky, "Christian Guide", reads, in part:

"…He is a typical Canadian, possessing such characteristics as determination, energy, enterprise and stick-to-it-ive-ness. He was born in the parish of Springfield, Kings Co., New Brunswick, July 26, 1844, reared on the farm and doing his part of the work thereon. The country being then comparatively new, he was denied the privilege of as much early training as the children of our most rural districts now get, their only schools then being taught by subscription. The school-house being four miles distant from his home, he walked eight miles a day.

… From childhood he possessed a burning desire to preach the gospel…"

From the age of 18, Samuel preached in different areas of New Brunswick. In 1867, he married Jane Belyea and their children, Washington Franklin and Emma, were born in NB in 1870 and 1874, respectively.

When and where Jane died is unknown, however, in about 1877, Samuel remarried to Jennie Tritt in Pennsylvania. Census records indicate that his eldest child, Washington Franklin, remained with his father and new wife but Samuel's daughter, Emma, lived with her grandparents, John and Sarah (Fairweather) Fowler for many years. The 1881 census for Studholme Parish, Kings County, NB, shows Emma as a seven-year-old living in the home of her grandparents. In about 1888, when Emma was 14, Samuel apparently sent for her and they reunited in Franklin, Indiana, after a separation of about 12 years. The reuniting was worthy of an article in a local newspaper, which said, in part:

"… Emma arrived by the Bee Line route Thursday night and took a room at the depot leaving word with the room clerk that she wanted to be called early, as she expected to meet her father at 6 o'clock. She was up at 5:30 a.m. and promptly at 6, as she stood anxiously waiting in the ladies' room, her father entered. The recognition was simultaneous and those who saw the meeting describe it as one of the most touching they ever witnessed. Mr. Fowler and daughter left on the first train yesterday for their home in Franklin."

Samuel and Jennie had seven children, the three eldest, Omer, Lucas and Olive being born in Maryland; Ira, George and Zachary, all born in Indiana and Edwin, born in Kentucky. Their son, Ira, died at ten years of age and his obituary reads:

"Death's Doings.

Ira J., son of Rev. and Mrs. Sam FOWLER, died Wednesday afternoon about 1 o'clock. He was about ten years of age and was a bright and intelligent boy. He was taken sick Monday night with some trouble of the bowels. The physicians were unable to render any relief as the case from the first was a desperate one. The funeral took place yesterday at the family residence, after which the remains were interred at the Odd Fellow's cemetery. Rev. FOWLER and family have the sympathy of all the people in their sad bereavement."

Another son, Zachary, died at 18 years of age and a typewritten letter from Samuel to his sisters, Abigail and Annie Elizabeth, reflects the pain of parents watching a child die:

"… But Mamma and I have for the past sixteen weeks been sitting in the shaddows (sic) waiting the enterance (sic) into our home the Dark Angel.

He came on Tuesday morning at 8,20, and carried to the Sunlight Hills the Spirit of our dear Son Zac. For weeks, and months we waited the isue (sic), His death was a glorious victory, I inclose (sic) funeral notice, and address by Rev Durham of the Baptist Church also our thanks to the hundreds who rendered every assistance in their power. Life Dear Sisters, would be of little value; was there nothing beyond to which we may look…"

The eulogy referred to, given by Rev Durham, reads, in part:

"Zack Sweeney Fowler was born at Columbus, Ind., Jan. 6, 1890. He passed peacefully to rest, May 6, 1908, aged 18 years and 4 months.

The deceased was converted early in life and at the age of twelve united with the Christian church at Murray, Ky., He was ever a faithful attendant at Sunday school and a loyal member of the Christian Endeavor, showing much enthusiasm in its work.

It was the purpose and long cherished ambition of this young man, to enter the ministry. For this he manifested excellent marks of fitness, both mentally and spiritually. The trend of his thoughts and study for the past few years were in that direction. Three times during his three or four years illness, he read through the Sacred Scriptures…

Especially, do I wish to emphasize and comment to this people, the example of this young man, in his marvelous patience through suffering, and his faith and fortitude. He was a hero. When the grim monster death confronted him, he was not horrified, nor dismayed, nor did he quake or tremble, but received the summons like he would a call to duty, and spoke about his departure with as much complacency, as if he were but starting on a short journey. He had fully resigned himself unto the Lord's hands and knew that it was all, alright. The splendid and brave spirit of this young man shone till his latest breath. Forgetful of his own suffering he was mindful of the comforts and happiness of others, particularly his parents, and showed his deep concern for all the loved ones of the family by praying for them, one by one. He expressed his appreciation for the services and kindness of others, shown him in his illness…"

Samuel and Jennie's remaining five children grew into adulthood, married and had children.

Samuel's preaching life took him from New Brunswick to Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Virginia, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia where he died, from a stroke, on 26 July, 1917. He is buried in Newnan, Georgia.

Rev. Fowler Is Dead At Erwin

On Saturday evening Rev. S. F. Fowler, after an illness of a few days, following a second stroke of paralysis, closed his earthly career and passed to his eternal reward. Dr. Fowler was a pastor of the Christian Church at Erwin until a little over a year ago. He was an exceptionally strong man of the most beautiful character and was eminent as a minister of the Christian Church. He filled some of the most important pulpits in that church. He had ministered in Boston, Mass., Franklin, Ind., two pastorates of five years each at Madisonville, Ky., two pastorates at Bowling Green, Ky. and Murray, Ky., and at Memphis, Tenn. Few men have a greater record to their ministry. He rounded out fifty full years in his ministry and during that time baptised over 3,000 souls into the church and added as many more otherwise.

Dr. Fowler was held in highest esteem by every one who knew him. The funeral service was held at the Christian Church in Erwin Sunday morning

conducted by the Reverends L. D. Riddell, A. A. Ferguson, Prof. B. H. Hayden, and the pastors of the churches at Erwin, Namely, Rev. J. P. Cotton, Rev. T. J. Houts and Rev. J. K. Hayes. The funeral was very impressive and was attended by a large number of friends, for the Rev. Mr. Fowler was dearly loved by a host of friends in Erwin.

Mr. Fowler had reared a large family of children. He leaves a wife, five sons and two daughters to mourn his loss. All of his family but one son was at his bedside when the end came. His sons are Frank Fowler of Indianapolis, Ind., Omer of Birmingham, Ala., Lucas of Newland, Ga., George and Edwin of Erwin. His daughters are Mrs. E. L. Holt and Mrs. C. E. Witt, both of Nashville, Tenn. Dr. Fowler left the richest heritage to his family, that of a good name and the example and influence of a truly great life spent in his master's service. His remains were laid to rest at Newland (sic), Ga., Monday afternoon. Many friends extend loving sympathy to the grief stricken family and rejoice in the rich comfort that is theirs and which they are now prepared to receive.

Descendants of Samuel's eldest daughter, Emma, in Tennessee, still have the bible he used for his sermons as well as a silver tea service received from his congregation when he left the church in Bowling Green, Kentucky.

Samuel Flewelling Fowler - 1909

Abigail's next brother, Caleb Henry/Harry, was born in Belleisle, NB, in May, 1846. He was a watchmaker and jeweller who left New Brunswick for Houlton, Maine in about 1880. He had married Rachel Jane Burns in New Brunswick in 1871 and they had three children, two of which sons, William A. and Harry Mansfield, grew to adulthood and married and had their own families. Caleb's wife, Rachel, ran a large boarding house in Houlton which burned to the ground in 1910.

Caleb died of "apoplexy" (stroke) in Houlton, Maine, in 1906. His obituary, like many others, had his age incorrect - Caleb was 62 when he died:

The death of Caleb H. Fowler occurred Saturday afternoon at his residence on Main Street. He had been out of health for a number of years, although he worked at his trade, watchmaker, up to a short time ago. He is survived by a wife and two sons, William A. and Harry M. who reside here. His age was about 55 years. He had a large number of friends and no enemies.

Caleb is buried at the Evergreen Cemetery in Houlton, Maine, and his gravestone reads:

Feb. 4, 1906
ae. 59 yrs., 9 mos.
& 2 ds


After Caleb's death, his widow, Rachel, lived with her son, Harry, and on 21 April, 1914, "she was last seen alive preparing dinner in the family kitchen. A little later, her dead body was found on the floor. It is thought that she was seized with heart failure and fell dead."

Caleb Fowler

Abigail's next brother, Abram L., was born in Belleisle, NB, in February, 1853. In about 1869, at the age of 16, he moved to Maine and the 1880 census shows his occupation as "harness maker." Abram married Mellie A. Trask in 1880 and they had 3 children, only one of whom, their daughter, Hazel, lived. A son, Henry, died in childhood in 1889 and a touching tribute paid by his schoolmates was published:


Loving Playmates Visit the Grave of Little Henry Fowler.

Several weeks ago, the little son of Landlord Fowler, of Hotel Fowler, died of that dread disease, diptheria. Of course none of the boy's playmates were allowed to view the body, nor were they informed of its burial place. Indeed, in the sorrow over their loss, the family and intimate friends did not give a thought to the playmates referred to. But, although we prate of our superior wisdom, and imagine that all tenderness and feeling is confined to adult life, childhood has its joys, its loves and its sorrows, none the less real to the little people moving in the world about us. The surviving playmates of the child referred to held several conferences regarding the funeral and disposal of the body, and a day or two afterward, they started out to find Harry's grave. After a careful search in the graveyards they finally found the grave, and raising their hats, recited in concert the Lord's prayer. Then, after re-arranging the buds and flowers left by loving hands, they slowly walked away to school. "We were late to school and the teacher scolded," said one of the boys to his mother, "but I didn't care for that. We found Harry's grave, and we prayed over it. Harry is in heaven, now mother, and if God let him hear us I know he will be glad we didn't forget him, even if we couldn't go to the funeral. "

At some point, Abram and Mellie moved to Massachusetts and purchased and ran a hotel called "The Ipswich Bluffs". The 1900, 1910 and 1920 censuses show Abram as an "hotel keeper". "The Bluffs" was a popular summer hotel on Plum Island near Newburyport, Massachusetts, and Abram and Mellie owned it from the late 1880s to 1920. I also believe that this is where Abram's niece, Della Stone (Abbie's daughter by her first marriage), worked as a "table girl" for a period of time.

An excerpt from the book "Plum Island, The Way It Was" by Nancy V. Weare, states:

"The steamer Beatrice, and later the Carlotta, made two trips daily from Ipswich… At the height of its popularity, as many as fifteen boats carried passengers to the Bluffs, some of them offering moonlight cruises complete with music. …

The hotel was noted for the excellence of its shore dinners…Great care was used in preparing the fried clams. Mrs. Fowler insisted that the clams be dry before being dipped into the egg batter, and they were placed on wooden dowels in order to accomplish this. The hotel was one of the first places to serve Golden Bantam corn on the cob. Prior to the turn of the century, the variety ordinarily eaten by humans was white… The new corn was a huge success, and the guests would beg for more of the "hen corn."

The dining room acommodated fifty people at a sitting, and on a busy Sunday it was not unusual for several hundred people to be served…

When the town of Rowley held a party to celebrate the 237th anniversary of its founding, at least fifteen hundred people were assembled at the Bluffs and all their needs were met by the hotel."

According to this book, Abram and Mellie Fowler were the hotel's best-known owners/managers. After their retirement, the hotel was acquired by other parties but by 1932 it had closed its doors and in 1936 the deteriorating property was acquired by the Massachusetts Audubon Society which had the buildings removed. Today there is no evidence of habitation anywhere on Plum Island and it serves as a bird preserve and wetlands conservancy.

Abram and Mellie's daughter, Hazel, grew up in Newburyport, Massachusetts and wished to become a teacher. She rode the ferry every day to go to school at Brown College on Rhode Island and graduated Phi Beta Kappa. She became close friends with a young couple, George and Mabel Morgan, who were also teachers and Hazel and Mabel toured France for two years in the 1920s with Mabel and George's young son, Putnam. The three teachers started Putnam School, a prestigious early-learning school which remains a feeder school for the venerable Choate Rosemary Hall, a private secondary school in Wallingford, Connecticut.

Hazel's friend, Mabel, died sometime in the late 1940s or early 1950s and her widower, George, and Hazel married soon after. The marriage produced no children nor did it last many years as George died in 1954. Hazel lived most of her remaining years in Wallingford, however, she died in 1975, at the age of 83 years, in New Haven, Connecticut.

Mellie Fowler died in 1933 and Abram died two days short of his 91st birthday on 12 February, 1944. Both are buried, with their son, Henry, in the Highland Cemetery in Newburyport, Massachusetts.

Abram and Mellie Fowler

Abigail's only sister, Annie Elizabeth, was born in Belleisle, NB, on 3 April, 1859. In 1883, she married Robert Ernest Sharp and they farmed in Kings County, New Brunswick, for many years. Their five children, Ethel, Sylvester Lee, Estella Cora, Louella Armenia and Abbie Leona Gladys, were all born in New Brunswick but, at some point, Annie and Robert moved to Amherst, Nova Scotia and I believe that this is the family that Abbie and John Irvine came home to from Maine after John's retirement from the railroad in 1913.

Annie Elizabeth (Fowler) Sharp died on 17 April, 1924, at the home of one of her daughters, in Providence, Rhode Island. According to her obituary, "There were many beautiful floral tokens including the following: Pillow - Sister Abbie McLeod and husband and Ira McLeod and wife."

Annie Elizabeth was predeceased by her husband in 1923 and they are both buried at the Highland cemetery in Amherst, Nova Scotia.

Annie (Fowler) Sharp

Abigail's youngest sibling was Leslie E. Fowler who was born in Belleisle, NB, in 1866. A granddaughter of Leslie's told me that Leslie "was stone deaf and had been since his 20s". This handicap would play an unfortunate role in Leslie's death…

In November, 1884, Leslie married Sarah Spicer of Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. They were married in Sussex, New Brunswick, but how and when they met goes unrecorded. A descendant of Sarah's twin brother tells me that Sarah's parents highly disapproved of the marriage although the reason is lost to time… perhaps Leslie's "handicap"?

Leslie and Sarah moved to Nova Scotia where their two eldest children, Lillian B. and William Robert were born. Sometime between 1887 and 1891, Leslie and Sarah moved to Maine, where Leslie was employed at a "tanning factory". Since his father, John Fowler, had also worked as a "tanner", it stands to reason that at least one of his sons would follow in the father's occupational footsteps.

Leslie and Sarah had five more children, all born in Maine; Mabel P., Louella Effie, Roy Ulrich, Eva B. and Marion Gertrude. Sadly, of their seven children, Leslie and Sarah outlived all but two or three… Eva B. died at 3 years of age, Louella was 20, Mabel was 28 and died in childbirth and Marion was 37.

Leslie died on 18 August, 1935, in Millinocket, Maine. The Millinocket newspaper published the following article:

"The many friends of Leslie Fowler will regret to learn of his death which took place on Friday afternoon following the accident which befell him on Thursday directly following the luncheon hour. Mr. Fowler in attempting to cross the railroad yard at the grounds of the Great Northern Paper Co., failed to notice the slowly proceeding freight cars which, having been separated from the engine during the process of shifting, and were slowly rolling along the track to their destination. Mr. Fowler being quite deaf did not hear the shouts of the brakeman and others who witnessed the accident. Struck by the oncoming freight car and his clothes apparently being caught by a brake rod, Mr. Fowler was dragged several feet before the car came to a full stop."

The Bangor Daily News also published an article:

"Lester (sic) Fowler who was struck by a locomotive yesterday afternoon in the mill yard of The Great Northern Paper Company which he backed into while mowing the lawn in front of the office building, died this afternoon without regaining consciousness. One arm required amputation and he had severe lacerations about the head and chest."

What a sad demise for a 69-year-old man still required to work as a labourer to help make ends meet because he and Sarah were then living in the home of their son, William, and his family.

Leslie's widow, Sarah, died at the home of their daughter, Lillian, in Weymouth, Massachusetts, in 1944 and Leslie and Sarah are both buried at the Millinocket Cemetery.

Leslie Fowler - 1934


Soon after their marriage in 1875, John Irvine and Abigail (Fowler) (Stone) McLeod left Sussex Parish and moved to Ferris Station, Kent County, New Brunswick. Documents show that John was the station master there in 1877. When and how John Irvine qualified for employment with the railroad is unknown, however, since his half-uncle, Duncan Morrison Campbell, acted for about three years as the confidential clerk to the contractor of a section of the European and North American Railway and was involved in various capacities with the railroads for many years, perhaps his influence assisted John Irvine in "getting his foot in the door".

How different all our lives might have been if John Irvine had stayed in the job he had shortly after his marriage to Abbie… he was managing a cheese factory! I have a letter dated 16 September, 1875, written in John's hand, that confirms that "I have charge of a cheese factory in Dutch Valley…" Dutch Valley was an area of Kings County where dairy cattle farming was the major industry. In the same letter, he says that he is "going away in October" so perhaps this is when he became the station master in Kent County. How close did our family come to being middle-management paper-pushers instead of railroaders?

At some point, John and Abbie moved to Maple Green, New Brunswick, in the far northern part of the province. Railway history tells us that Maple Green was the name of the village where the Dalhousie Junction station was constructed for the Intercolonial Railway (later to become the CNR). Their eldest son, Frederick Earnest W., was born on 17 July, 1876, and their second son, Irvin Talmage, was born on 12 November, 1878.

Given that most of John and Abbie's children were born in Dalhousie, Restigouche County, I had always assumed that the two older boys were born there as well but the document I have which states that John Irvine was the station master at Ferris Station, Kent County, is clearly dated 1877. Accordingly, at least their eldest son, Frederick Earnest W., may have been born in Kent County before John and Abbie went to Maple Green because his birth year is 1876. Perhaps their second son, Irvin Talmage, was born at Ferris Station as well, in 1878 but I have been unable to obtain any records of these two boys' births.

Unfortunately, both of these eldest sons died within six months of each other at Maple Green, Restigouche County, in 1881 and 1882 respectively and their bodies were each transported back to Penobsquis, New Brunswick, and buried at the Cardwell Baptist Cemetery. They are buried next to each other and, in an odd little twist, they have been buried immediately next to Abbie's first husband, William Stone. Was this coincidence or done by Abbie's wishes? I've always wondered about this "coincidence". Abigail was 21 years old when she married William Stone and was a widow with a baby by the time she was 23… I wonder if William was the love of her life? Was she devastated at his death? Was her marriage to John Irvine one of convenience? Even today, a young widow with a small child isn't considered terribly "marriageable" - in the 1870s, without an income and dependant on the goodwill of family, a young mother could not afford to be "choosy" and was often grateful if another marriage proposal came along. Was this the case with John and Abbie or were they mad about each other? I like to think the latter…

John and Abbie had four more children, Herbert, Frederick, Irva, and Ira. The three eldest children were born in Dalhousie, New Brunswick and Ira was born in Florenceville, NB. A discrepancy in their daughter, Irva's, name arises because she is reflected on her death certificate and her gravestone as "Abigail Irva" but the 1900 U.S. census shows her middle name as "Irveene". Strangely, this mirrors the question about her father's middle name - was it Irvine, Irvin or Irving? A further strange discrepancy along the same lines has also been discovered in the middle name of one of John Irvine's grandchildren and will be noted later in this narrative.

Census records indicate that John and Abbie and all of their children moved to the State of Maine in 1886. The fact that Ira was born in New Brunswick in 1889 is not odd because it was common practice for New Brunswickers who had moved to Maine to return to NB when a child was due because they wished the child to be born a subject of the Crown. Given Abigail's family's strong Loyalist roots, this is likely why Ira was not born in Maine.

John worked for the Canadian Pacific Railway at Seboeis, Maine until about 1913. The station was remote - even today, Seboeis has a population of about 50 people - but a station was deemed necessary to cater to the isolated community and to provide limited transfer facilities for lumber for which a siding was provided. Pictures of the station house show no evidence of other settlement nearby and the nearest town and post office was in Howland, about 8 miles away. In the winter, mail was delivered from Howland to Sebeois by horse-drawn sleigh. Growing up in such a location may have been difficult for John and Abbie's children but photographs taken and letters written by family members reflect a distinct fondness for this home.

Abbie's daughter, Della Stone, also moved to Seboeis with the family. Born in 1870, she was some years older than her half-siblings and she probably helped to look after the children. At some point in time, she moved to Massachusetts and assisted her Uncle Abram, Abbie's brother, in a hotel that he ran for many years. She also lived in Belmont, Massachusetts and was self-employed as a dressmaker. She married, late in life, to a dentist named Edward Lincoln whose family descended from the Mayflower voyagers. They had no children and Edward died in 1926, leaving Della a widow until her death from coronary occlusion in Winthrop, Massachusetts, in 1956. Edward and Della are buried in a Lincoln family plot in Brockton, Massachusetts.

The following picture of Della is a mystery to me… the reverse of the original photograph says it was taken in 1890 when Della would have been 25 years old but the photo reflects a much younger girl. Was Della simply a very young-looking 25? And if the date of 1890 is correct, was she married once before, early in life? Did she have a child who died? She is clearly dressed in mourning and holds a photo of an infant in her hand. John Irvine and Margaret's two oldest boys died in 1881 and 1882 so the child in the photo she is holding would not be either of her half-brothers unless the photo is misdated and was taken when Della was 11 or 12 years old. Perhaps the death of one of her half-brothers was an occasion for a formal photo? This is another mystery I hope to unravel.

Della Stone - 1890?

With respect to the fact that John and Abbie lived many years with Della until their deaths, her Last Will and Testament leaves no doubt that she had a certain resentment toward her half-brothers:

"Having financially cared for my Mother and Step Father untill death, whose children, three sons, did not contribute in any way to their care, I have nothing to leave."

John Irvine was superannuated from the railroad in 1913 and certain documentation reflects that he and Abbie moved to Amherst, Nova Scotia, for a period of time. Abbie's sister, Annie Elizabeth, and her husband and family resided in Amherst at that time and since John and Abbie's sons had moved to the Canadian Prairies, it is possible that John and Abbie had no recourse but to move to family in Canada. John's grandson, Donald Hector McLeod, recalled that when his grandfather came to visit their family in Saskatoon in 1935, he was receiving a railway pension of about $25.00 per month. Even if that is what he was receiving in 1913, it was certainly not sufficient for he and Abbie to live comfortably (the approximate value today would be $511.00).

At some point in time, after Abbie's daughter, Della, married, John and Abbie moved back to Massachusetts and moved into Della and Edward Lincoln's home in Belmont. It was here that Abbie died on 12 October, 1927. Her death certificate reflects an operation and that she died from "intestinal obstruction due to bands of adhesion" with a contributing factor being broncho-pneumonia. On 14 October, 1927, she was buried in the Highland Cemetery at Newburyport, Massachusetts.

Abigail's obituary reads:


Mrs. Abbie J. McLeod, wife of John I. McLeod, died Wednesday, October 12, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Edward H. Lincoln of 40 Lewis rd, at the age of 79 years. She had been in ill health for a number of years. She also leaves three sons, Herbert, Ira and Fred McLeod of Alberta, and Saskatoon, Canada. Funeral services were held Friday at 11 a.m. conducted by Rev. O.J. White, pastor of the Belmont St. Baptist Church."

John Irvine continued to live with Della until his death by cerebral hemorrhage on 16 December, 1943. He is buried in the Highland Cemetery at Newburyport together with Abbie and their daughter, Irva.


Funeral services for John I. McLeod, 98, who died at a hospital on Thursday, Dec. 16, were conducted at his residence, 40 Lewis rd, Monday morning at 11 o'clock. Burial followed in Newburyport. A native of Canada, Mr. McLeod had been making his home in Belmont with his stepdaughter, Mrs. E.H. Lincoln, since 1926. He had been in failing health for about a year. He is also survived by three sons."

I've noticed in this obituary that the mention of John Irvine's three sons sounds almost like an afterthought… Della would have been the person submitting the obituary to the newspaper and it seems apparent that her resentment of her three-half brothers for not contributing to their parents' "upkeep" extended even to the omission of their names in John Irvine's obituary!

John Irvine and Abigail Julia (Fowler) (Stone) McLeod

John and Abigail's son, Herbert Wellsley, was born on 9 December, 1881, in Dalhousie, NB. When he reached young adulthood in Maine, he also began working for the railroad.

Herb must have returned to New Brunswick in the early 1900s because he met and ultimately married Helena Tamlyn whose family was from the Newtown area of Kings County, NB. A Tamlyn descendant forwarded me a copy of Herb and Helena's formal wedding invitation which invites guests to the wedding on 31 August, 1904. My Tamlyn contact said, however, that she had a note handwritten by Helena's mother that the marriage did not occur until later in the year. With this information, I was able to discover that Herb and Helena were married in Port Arthur (Thunder Bay), Ontario, on 30 November, 1904. What could possibly have delayed the wedding by three months after the invitations had been printed and cause Herb and Helena to be married in Ontario so far from both of their families? I speculate that perhaps Herb received a transfer to Ontario with the railroad and getting the job was more important…

Herb and Helena did not remain long in Ontario. The 1906 census for the District of Marquette, Manitoba, show them as residents there living in a house with other boarders. Their eldest child, John Charles, was born in Dauphin, Manitoba in 1908, their daughter, Audrey Irva, was born in Saskatchewan in 1909 and their third child, Ruth Evadna, was born in Wainwright, Alberta, in 1911. Moving further and further West was obviously on Herb's agenda!

Herb may have had ambitions to move on again from Wainwright, however, descendants of the couple state that Helena was adamant that her children get some semblance of education and, accordingly, they remained in Wainwright until 1924.

Canada Post records show that Herb served as the postmaster in Wainwright, Alberta from 1911 to 1923. In 1924, the family moved back to Hornepayne, Ontario where Herb became its first mayor in 1928 and where McLeod Street is named in his honour.

At some point, Herb and Helena moved to Armstrong, Ontario, where Helena died in about 1938.

In 1940, Herb remarried to Jean Ruth Sward. Jean was born in 1913 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Herb and Jean's two daughters, Thelma and Jeanne, were born in Armstrong, Ontario, in 1940 and 1943 respectively.

In 1945, upon Herb's retirement from the railroad, the family left Ontario and moved to Kaslo, British Columbia. Herb and Jean's youngest daughter, Jeanne, recalls her father's wonderful garden in Kaslo and suspects that her father focused on the garden to distract himself from his increasingly unhappy marriage. Herb and Jean eventually separated and Herb went back to Ontario and lived with each of his two eldest daughters, returning occasionally to British Columbia for the weddings of his two youngest daughters and the birth of a grandchild.

Herb died on 21 September, 1962, in Capreol, Ontario and is buried in the Capreol Cemetery. Jean (Sward) McLeod died in Trail, BC, in December, 1993.

Herbert Wellsley
Helena Tamlyn
Jean Sward

John and Abigail's son, Frederick Ernest, was born in Dalhousie, NB, on 4 May, 1883.

Fred became a telegraph operator for the railway and at the age of 20, on September 20, 1903, he married Elnora Elma Witham, also 20 years old, in Monson, Maine. Strangely, their marriage certificate reflects that Fred's parents were living in Penobsquis, New Brunswick, at the time although both the 1900 and 1910 U.S. censuses for the State of Maine show John and Abigail living in Seboeis and John still working for the railroad. I do know that there was increasing pressure by the U.S. government on Canadians living in Maine to become naturalized citizens of the U.S. and perhaps a "fib" on official documentation such as a marriage certificate helped to deflect that pressure.

Fred and Nora's daughter, Doris, was born on April 2, 1904, at Moosehead Lake, Maine. It appears that shortly after Doris was born, Fred and Nora travelled back to Canada for an extended period. It is unknown whether they were "holidaying" as a descendant of Fred's believes or whether Fred was moving around with the railroad but his parents, John and Abbie, were living in Maine at this time and were looking after their granddaughter, Doris.

It is this granddaughter of John and Abbie's that perpetuates the strange discrepancies in the middle names of her Aunt Irva and Grandfather, John Irvine. Doris' husband and children believed her middle name to be "Irveene" (which is the same middle name given for her Aunt Irva on one Maine census), however, her birth certificate clearly indicates her middle name to be "Irene". Since her father, Fred, named one of his younger daughters, Irene, it is possible that Doris' actual middle name was Irene and that her younger sibling was named after her. It is also possible, however, that Fred named his eldest daughter "Doris Irveene" in honour of his late sister and that the name "Irene" on her birth certificate is simply a "typo". The discrepancies of Irvine/Irvin/Irving, Irva/Irveene and Irveene/Irene have always intrigued me although they may all simply be cases of mistakes in handwriting. Alas, another mystery…

Fred and Nora (Witham) McLeod moved about Canada with the railroad, eventually settling in Wainwright, Alberta and Doris (1904 - 1972) became a big sister to Irvin Talmage (1907 - 1991), Earl Gordon (1911 - 1983), Joyce Alberta (1914 - 2000), Frederick Elmer (1916 - 1922) and Arthur Watson (1919 - 1995). While living in Wainwright, Alberta, Nora contracted tuberculosis and passed away on April 20, 1921. She is buried at the Beechmount Cemetery in Edmonton, Alberta.

Nora (Witham) McLeod

Fred was living at Mirror Landing (later to be known as Smith), Alberta when he married Mabel Annie Wakefield of Tawatinaw, Alberta. Mabel was the daughter of Robert John and Margaret Elizabeth (Willrick) Wakefield. The Wakefield family left Ontario sometime in the late 1880s or early 1890s and Mabel was born in Elmwood Place, Ohio, in 1894 and census records show that her family moved back to Canada in 1896.

On July 19, 1923, Fred and Mabel married at the First Presbyterian Church in Edmonton, Alberta.

Their two eldest children, Abigail Margaret (1924) and Robert John (1926) were born in Edmonton, Alberta.

Fred's son, John, recalls his father telling the story that he had once travelled through British Columbia on the train heading toward Alberta and that the train went by a beautiful lake with a village located on the far shore and that Fred always said he would live there. In 1927, Fred got his wish and was transferrred by the C.N.R. to Savona on the shore of Kamloops Lake where he became the station agent. Fred left Wainwright in the spring of 1927 and moved to Savona but since the school year was not yet over, Mabel and the children did not join Fred until the summer and it was in Kamloops, BC, where Fred and Mabel's three youngest children, Irene Purdie (1928), Lawrence Earnest (1931 - 2005) and Thelma May (1934) were born.

Fred only remained with the railroad until sometime in 1928. He then became a travelling salesman, selling mens' suits. He travelled as far south as Lytton and Boston Bar in the Fraser Canyon and north to Blue River on the CNR and to Sicamous on the CPR. He did this until about 1930 or 1931 when the Depression hit and was only able to gain employment doing odd jobs until 1936. In 1936, he was employed in Edwards Store in Savona. He worked there until 1939 or 1940 when it was sold. He was out of work for less than a day and was then hired on by Archie Styres to work in his store.

Fred died on 4 April, 1969, one month short of his 86th birthday and Mabel died on 27 September of the same year in Surrey, BC. Fred and Mabel are buried in the Savona Cemetery at Savona, BC and their gravestone reads:



1883 - 1969 1894 - 1969


Fred and Mabel (Wakefield) McLeod

John and Abigail's only daughter, Abigail Irva (Irveene?) was born in Dalhousie, NB, on 1 September, 1884. She grew up with her brothers in Seboeis, Maine, but little else is known of her. Irva's death certificate indicates her residence as "De Boeis", Maine, (Seboeis) but she died of tuberculosis at the age of 24 on July 7, 1909, in Winthrop, Massachusetts, and is buried with her parents in the Highland Cemetery at Newburyport, Massachusetts.

Abigail Irva McLeod

John Irvine and Abigail Julia McLeod's third and last son was Ira Ellwell McLeod, born in Florenceville, NB, on 12 January, 1889. An unfortunate accident occurred when Ira was two years old - he pulled a knife off the table in his mother's kitchen and was left blind in one eye.

After receiving his schooling in Maine, Ira also worked for the railroad and it was in La Grange, Maine, that he met Josie Belle Heale who was born in La Grange on 8 January, 1890. Ira went north to Canada in about 1904 and settled for a period of time in Dauphin, Manitoba. Ira's descendants say that Josie Belle's mother did not approve of her relationship with Ira and that Josie had to resort to subterfuge to be with Ira - apparently she "went for a holiday" to Manitoba and never returned home! She and Ira were married in Winnipeg on 22 July, 1911.

Ira was sent to Saskatoon by the Canadian Pacific Railway and it was here that their five children, Hazel Banton (1914), Mildred Leona (1918), Carl Lewis (1920 - 1991), Donald Hector (1923 - 2004) and George John (1929), were born.

Josie died in Saskatoon on 19 June, 1965, and Ira died in Saskatoon on 21 December, 1966.

Ira and Josie (Heal) McLeod

And this is where our tale ends… for now. At least three more generations of McLeods have sprung up from the roots of this tree but because the living members of our family still have events unfolding in their lives, a further update likely won't be available for some years. Until that time, I will continue my research and hope that stout-hearted readers will be interested in the future chronicles of our McLeod family history.